In this exercise, we study a diesel engine represented by a theoretical associated cycle involving a non-adiabatic combustion in three stages: constant volume, constant pressure, constant temperature, and following the evolution of the thermodynamic properties of the fluid [THELLIEZ, 1989].

The diesel engine burns 43 g of fuel (pure gas of formula C_{7,2}H_{13,42}) per kg of combustion air. Its maximum pressure is 80 bar, and its maximum temperature 2100 K.

We take into account a gas recirculation rate of 3.3% by weight. Heat loss through the walls of the combustion chamber is 19%.

Isentropic compression and expansion efficiencies are equal to 0.9.

The model parameter settings are detailed in a note which can be downloaded from the link below. In the steps that follow, we present the main points. The numerical values given orally differ slightly from those of this note, initial values being not quite the same.

M. THELLIEZ, Analyse énergétique des cycles des moteurs à combustion interne au moyen d’un cycle théorique associé, Entropie, 1989, n° 148, pp. 41-49.

If you are not familiar with the operation of reciprocal combustion engines, you should start by studying session S35En_4t2t.

To follow the presentation, go to the next step

(Session realized on 06/21/11 by Renaud Gicquel)- Inlets
- outdoor air
- fuel
- Mixer
- intake
- Outlets of combustion chambers
- prod diesel 1, 2 and 3

$\rho =\frac{{V}_{6}}{{V}_{2}}=\frac{{m}_{6}{v}_{6}}{{m}_{2}{v}_{2}}=\frac{{m}_{5}{v}_{6}}{{m}_{2}{v}_{2}}$

$\rho =\frac{{V}_{1}}{{V}_{2}}$

${v}_{6}=\rho \frac{{m}_{2}{v}_{2}}{{m}_{5}}=\frac{{m}_{1}}{{m}_{5}}{v}_{1}$

This exercise allowed you to study a *diesel engine* by representing it a combined cycle, taking into account a mixed combustion in three stages, and following the evolution of the thermodynamic properties of the fluid, as presented in the session S36.

Such a model is much more realistic than those based on conventional theoretical cycles, but the downside is that its setting is a bit difficult, especially for all changes that take place in *closed system*.

It should be noted that the *recalculation* cannot be fully automated here. The reason is that the combustion in the motor cylinder is represented as a sequence of three closed system combustions: first constant volume, second constant pressure and third constant temperature. Since the setting of combustion is very specific, some adjustments must be made by hand, as for instance the setting of λ to get the right pressure or proper final temperature or the update of v_{6}.

The guidance pages for practical works No. 20 entitled “*Modeling and control of a diesel engine*” shows you how to overcome this difficulty by using an external driver to automate these settings.

The link below gives you access to it.